読者です 読者をやめる 読者になる 読者になる

by shigemk2

当面は技術的なことしか書かない

Scalaの名前つき引数

Scala

環境

Mac OS X 10.9.1
Scala version 2.10.3 (Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM, Java 1.7.0_45).

概要

  • 関数は引数名を指定して呼び出すことが出来る
  • デフォルト引数のある関数との絡みが多い
  • case classの一部のプロパティだけ変更した新しいインスタンスが欲しい

コード

scala> def division(x:Int, y:Int) = x / y
division: (x: Int, y: Int)Int

scala> division(50, 10)
res0: Int = 5

scala> division(y = 50, x = 10)
res1: Int = 0

scala> division(y = 10, x = 50)
res2: Int = 5

scala> def birth(year:Int, month:Int, day:Int, msg:String = "Your BirthDay is ") = {
     |   msg + "%d%d%d".format(year,month,day)
     | }
birth: (year: Int, month: Int, day: Int, msg: String)String

scala> birth(2012,10,5)
res3: String = Your BirthDay is 2012105

scala> birth(1986,day=31,month=7)
res4: String = Your BirthDay is 1986731

scala> def birth(year:Int = 1986, month:Int = 1, day:Int = 1, msg:String = "Your BirthDay is ") = {
     |   msg + "%d/%d/%d".format(year,month,day)
     | }
birth: (year: Int, month: Int, day: Int, msg: String)String

scala> birth()
res5: String = Your BirthDay is 1986/1/1

scala> birth(month=7)
res6: String = Your BirthDay is 1986/7/1

scala> case class X(a:Int, b:String)
defined class X

scala> val x = X(1, "Hello")
x: X = X(1,Hello)

scala> val x2 = x.copy(b = "copy hello")
x2: X = X(1,copy hello)

参考文献